Recently I addressed some of the characteristics of the reign of sin which have plagued the sons of Adam since the fall. Fortunately for us God by His grace through His Son has established another reign, which is not dependent upon the works of men, but rather supernaturally supercedes the sinfulness of men. As Paul puts it is Romans 5:21 “as sin reigned in death, even so grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.” We can observe the following ways in which God’s grace triumphs over the reign of sin:  

  1. God’s sovereignty over grace. The sovereignty of God guards the guards the entrance into grace. “For He has said to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion upon whom I have compassion.” (Rom. 9:15, Ex. 33:19). No one comes under the reign of grace unless they are born again by the Spirit and He is said to move where He wishes (Jn. 3)

“[Exodus 33:19] is a solemn declaration of the nature of God, or (which is the same things) a proclamation of his name and glory…It is the glory of God and his essential nature mainly to dispense on whomever he pleases apart from any constraint originating outside his own will. This is the essence of what God means to be God. This is his name.” (John Piper, Future Grace, 80)

“God made us alive and secured us in Christ so that he could make us the beneficiaries of everlasting kindness from infinite riches of grace. This is not because we are worthy. Quite contrary, it is to show the infinite measure of his worth. Grace would not be grace if it were a response to resources of kindness. Grace is grace because it highlights God’s own overflowing resources of kindness. Grace is eternal because it will take that long for God to expend inexhaustible stores of goodness on us. Grace is free because God would not be the infinite, self-sufficient God he is if he were constrained by anything outside himself.” (John Piper, Future Grace, 83)

  1. By grace God provides a sacrifice for sin. “so that by the grace of God He might taste death for everyone) (Heb 2:9)
  2. By grace God justifies the ungodly.
    (Rom. 3:24-26, 4:5)
  3. By grace God elects the undeserving. Because of our depravity and our rebellion against God, the very act of God by which He predestined some to salvation in Christ is an act of grace on our behalf. (Rom 9:10-16; 11:5)
  4. By grace God grants promises to the unfaithful. “By His own glory and excellence …He has granted us His precious and magnificent promises, so that by them you may become partakers of the divine nature” (2 Pet. 2:3-4)
  5. By grace God promises are guaranteed. (Rom. 4:16)
  6. By grace God gives faith to the unbelieving. (Eph. 2:8-9)
  7. By grace God grants repentance to sinners.  if perhaps God may grant them repentance leading to the knowledge of the truth,” (2 Tim. 2:25)
  8. By grace God gives wisdom to the foolish. “But if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all generously and without reproach, and it will be given to him.” (
    Jam. 1:5)
  9. By grace God gives strength to the weak. “After you have suffered for a little which the God of all grace…will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you.” (1 Pet. 5:10, 2 Cor. 12:9)
  10. By grace God edifies others. (Eph. 4:29)
  11. By grace God grants peace to former enemies. (Rom. 8:1)
  12. By grace God bears fruit on formerly barren branches. (Rom. 5:21, 6:22; Eph 2:10)
  13. By grace God gives eternal life. (Rom. 5:21, 6:22)
  14. By grace God answers the prayers of those in need. “Therefore let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.” (Heb. 4:16)

Let me leave you with the words of Charles Spurgeon as he describes the throne of grace from which God rules over His people:

“If it is throne of grace, all the needs of those who come to it will be supplied. The King on such a throne will not say, “You must bring me gifts and sacrifices.” It is not a throne for receiving tribute; it is a throne for dispensing gifts. Come, then, you who are poor as poverty itself, having no merits and destitute of virtues and reduced to a beggarly bankruptcy by Adam’s fall and your own transgressions. This is not the throne of majesty that supports itself by the taxation of its subjects, but a throne that glorifies itself by streaming forth like a fountain with floods of good things. “Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. (Isa. 55:1). All the petitioner’s needs shall be supplied because it is a throne of grace.” (Charles Spurgeon, The Power of Prayer in a Believer’s Life, 24)